picoCTF: Mind your Ps and Qs

picoCTF, writeup, cryptography

Info #

Problem link - picoCTF: Mind your Ps and Qs

Solution #

Three values are provided on the problem page -

Decrypt my super sick RSA:
c: 421345306292040663864066688931456845278496274597031632020995583473619804626233684
n: 631371953793368771804570727896887140714495090919073481680274581226742748040342637
e: 65537

Here is a step-by-step guide for RSA - https://www.cs.utexas.edu/~mitra/honors/soln.html

Our first task is to find factors for n. Using an online tool, we have derived two factors p and q.

p: 1461849912200000206276283741896701133693
q: 431899300006243611356963607089521499045809

Using these values we can now compute phi(n).

phi(n): (p-1)*(q-1) = 631371953793368771804570727896887140714061729769155038068711341335911329840163136

Next step is to compute d using above computed values. There is an easy way to do that using Python. We need to come up with multiplicative inverse of d * e mod phi(n) = 1

d = pow(e, -1, phi_n)

Now using d which is in reality is a private key, we can decrypt the ciphertext c.

plaintext = pow(c,d,n)

Convert it to ASCII and the flag will be revealed.


To summarize, Here is the complete code -

# already given
c = 421345306292040663864066688931456845278496274597031632020995583473619804626233684
n = 631371953793368771804570727896887140714495090919073481680274581226742748040342637
e = 65537

# Find factors using - https://www.dcode.fr/prime-factors-decomposition
p = 1461849912200000206276283741896701133693
q = 431899300006243611356963607089521499045809

# compute 
phi_n = (p-1)*(q-1)
d = pow(e, -1, phi_n)
plaintext = pow(c,d,n)

# print

Flag #

Here is the flag -